Articles Posted in Uniform Trade Secrets Act

All businesses have customers. Many maintain an electronic database of their customers that includes such things as contact information, pricing and purchasing information, and other data that has been collected through time and expense. This database can be an important asset to the business and provide it with a competitive advantage in the marketplace. As such, a majority view this information as “confidential” and believe it constitutes a “trade secret” and thus is protected from unauthorized disclosure under the law.

Not all customer information, however, may qualify as a trade secret under Delaware law. In addition, many businesses fail to take steps to protect confidential information such as requiring employees to enter into non-disclosure agreements. Unfortunately, businesses frequently learn this when it is too late to do anything about it. The time to address these issues is before such information is removed by a departing employee or other third party.

All employers should require employees who have access to confidential information and trade secrets to sign confidentiality or non-disclosure agreements. In Delaware, a company may legally require employees who have access to such information to sign such an agreement in order to keep their job. If drafted properly, the agreement can provide the business with contractual remedies against the former employee, including emergency injunctive relief from a court and a potential award of damages. Importantly, in appropriate circumstances, Delaware courts will enforce a provision in a confidentiality agreement providing that an individual who violates its terms is subject to paying the company’s attorneys’ fees and costs in bringing enforcement action.

Employers frequently confront the problem of theft or misappropriation of trade secrets and confidential, proprietary information by departing employees. While employers have an arsenal of legal weapons at their disposal to protect their most valuable business assets, it is critical that they take proactive steps to protect against the disclosure of important business information and prevent unfair competition. From a practical standpoint, failure to implement basic security measures makes it easier for an unethical employee or competitor to misappropriate confidential business information. From a legal perspective, absent efforts to preserve the secrecy of such information and avoid unfair competition, a court is unlikely to respond favorably to an employer request for relief.youngconaway

Trade Secret Protection

Delaware, like most states, has enacted the “Uniform Trade Secrets Act” providing employers with legal protection for trade secret information even in the absence of contractual agreements with employees. While many people may believe that “trade secret” status is only afforded to scientific data such as the formula for Coke, in reality, trade secret protection is available for a much broader array of information. The statutory definition for a trade secret is “information” that “derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from not being generally known to, and not being readily ascertainable by proper means, by other persons who can obtain economic value from its disclosure or use.” To be protected by the statute, the information must be “the subject of efforts that are reasonable under the circumstances to maintain its secrecy.”

Injunctive relief is normally awarded when the court finds there is no adequate remedy at law. In enforcement actions involving noncompetes, injunctions are usually sought since damages are often difficult, if not impossible, to caculate.

Damages for misappropriation of trade secrets, on the other hand, are often based on lost profits and in many cases can be sufficiently quantified to be awarded. A recent case illustrates that the Court of Chancery may look to novel damage theories to forego the necessity of an injunction.

Agilent Technologies brought suit against three former employees alleging the group had misappropriated its trade secrets. The parties competed in the business of producing high performance liquid chromatography columns used to separate and analyze complex mixtures of gasses, liquids and dissolved substances.

Contact Information